Management of Measles

 

Measles Rash


Measles is unlikely if a child has been immunised. The incubation period is 10 days and the child is infectious several days before to four days after the highly infectious rash appears. Symptoms- can include a runny nose, cough, conjunctivitis, sensitivity to light, loss of appetite, fever, Koplik’s spots on  a red base on the lining of the mouth and a bright red maculopapular rash first on the face then down the body.

Koplik's Spots

Treatment- Should contact GP if measles is suspected as it is a notifiable disease. Dose related paracetamol or ibuprofen can be given to relieve the distress of fever, aches and pains. Increasing fluids and closing the curtains can help to reduce light sensitivity. Staying off school or work for at least seven days from when the rash first appears is recommended. The infection usually clears after seven to ten days.

Complications - Measles can lead to serious and potentially life-threatening complications in some people. These include pneumonia and encephalitis.

MMR is a safe and effective combined vaccine that protects against three separate illnesses – measles, mumps and rubella (German measles) – in a single injection. The full course of MMR vaccination requires two doses. Please see on the link below about MMR.

Find out more on the Public Health England and NHS websites