Accident Prevention

Did you know?

The five main causes of serious unintentional for the under-fives in England are:

  • Choking, strangulation and suffocation
  • Falls
  • Poisoning
  • Burns and scalds
  • Drowning one of the biggest killers of children in the UK
  • Accidental injury is one of the biggest killers of children I the UK. It is second only to cancer.
  • Childhood accidents cost the NHS over £257 million a year
  • Six toddlers are admitted to hospital every day due to burn injury
  • Many accidents can be prevented just by moving dangerous objects out of a child's reach.

Before a baby is born

What can you do:

  • When preparing the nursery, make sure that the cot isn’t near hanging blind cords as incidents of accidental strangulation has occurred when looped blind cords in particular get wrapped around a baby or small child’s neck. So, avoid fitting blinds or curtains that have long looped cords. Purchase one that is safe by design. See our detailed blind cord safety information.
  • If planning to use nappy sacks, find a place for them that is not in reach of the cot as they are a suffocation risk. More detail on nappy sack safety.
  • Look at how you store medicines, batteries, cleaning products and other household chemicals around the home and check that they are out of reach or in locked cupboards before baby arrives. Poisoning risks in the home.
  • Pick a child car seat so you are carrying your child safely in your or someone else’s car. Find out more detailed information here on choosing and using car seats.

First months (pre crawling)                                                                                                             

Key Issues:

Under one-year-old crawling

Key issues:

  • Choking on small objects
  • Medication poisoning
  • Cleaning products
  • Button Batteries
  • Burns and fireguards
  • Nappy sacks
  • Blind Cords
  • Hot drinks scalds
  • Drowning in the bath
  • Safety Gates

One to two-years-old (toddling)

Key issues:

  • Climbing furniture
  • Falling on stairs
  • Burns and fireguards
  • Falling from windows
  • Poisoning
  • Nappy sacks
  • Blind Cords
  • Drowning
  • Toy safety

Two to four-year-olds (walking/running)

Key issues:

  • Falling on stairs
  • Safety Gates
  • Driveway Accidents
  • Electric Gates
  • Garden Safety
  • Drowning in ponds

Four years onwards (pre-school/school)

Key issues:

  • Falls
  • Driveway Safety
  • Drowning
  • Swimming
  • Cycling
  • Pedestrians
  • Burns
  • Flammable clothing

Car Seat Safety

Please click here to view our top tips on keeping your baby and children safe at home

Useful Websites

Child Accident Prevention Trust and 

NHS - and 

Royal Society of the Prevention of Accidents - and and

Department of Health. Early Years High Impact Area 5 – Managing minor illness and reducing accidents (reducing hospital attendance/admissions).

Public Health England (PHE). Reducing unintentional injuries in and around the home among children under five years.

NHS.Health development Agency. Injuries in children aged 0-14 years and inequalities.

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE).Strategies to prevent unintentional injuries among the under 15s.

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). Preventing unintentional road injuries among under-15s.

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). Preventing unintentional injuries among the under-15s in the home.


Useful Leaflets

Please click here to view our leaflets page


Useful Video Clips

Hair straighteners can get as hot as an iron. So hot, you can cook bacon and eggs on them – please view this video.

They can stay hot enough to burn up to 15 minutes after they’ve been turned off. Many straightener injuries occur when crawling babies and toddlers grab at them, step on them, sit on them or pull them down. Surprisingly, young children don’t have a reflex to automatically pull away from or drop something that’s burning them – it’s something that we learn. Which is why hair straighteners cause deep burns that can scar for life.